Equus caballus


25-30 years

Type of Animal


Animals Diet


Horses are large animals used for recreational riding, and also for transportation, logging, and other laborious tasks. Horses are a popular farm animal across the United States.


Baby = Foal

Young intact male = Colt

Mature intact male = Stallion

Castrated male = Gelding

Young female = Filly

Mature female = Mare

Group called = Herd

Where in the world can this animal be found in the wild? What is its habitat like?

Almost anywhere! North America (Mustangs, Chincoteague Ponies), Asia (Przerwalskis Horse, Mongolian Wild Horse), Europe (Konik, Camargue) and Australia (Brumbies).

How many breeds of this animal are there?


What is this animal's purpose?

The primary purpose of raising horses is for recreational activities, such as riding and equestrian sports. However, they have historically served various practical roles, including transportation, logging, ploughing, and as pack animals. Their versatility and strength have made them valuable assets in different aspects of human life throughout history.

Give a brief overview of the animal's history in the United States.

Horses arrived in North America with the Spanish Conquistadors in the 16th century. Many loose or stray horses then formed feral herds that have become the American Mustangs and still retain many Spanish traits today. Other horses that were obtained and bred by Native American tribes were developed into modern breeds, such as the Appaloosa which was developed by the Nez Perce and are known for their unique spotted coats. A greater variety of horses were later imported to the U.S. in the late 17th and early 18th century; starting with many light breeds that were easily transported by ships and eventually the heavier draft breeds to be used for farming and carriages.

Benefits of Working with Horses

Horses are a more unique livestock species in that they are primarily used for recreational riding. Horseback riding has developed into a popular sport in many countries, and is a leading species within the agricultural industry. Working with horses provides young riders with the opportunity to learn horse behavior and use it to train and develop a relationship with a large, athletic animal. There are so many aspects to horsemanship, and so many subjects within equine study, that you can always learn more! Horsemanship truly requires all 4 H’s: Head, Heart, Hands, and Health.

Fun Facts!

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