Gallus gallus domesticus


8-10 years

Type of Animal


Animals Diet


Chickens are domesticated birds primarily found on farms, where they are raised for both meat and egg production. These versatile creatures play a vital role in the agricultural industry, providing a sustainable source of protein through their meat and nutritious eggs.


Baby = Chick

Young intact male = Cockerel

Mature intact male = Rooster

Castrated male = Capon

Young female = Pullet

Mature female = Hen

Group called = Flock

Where in the world can this animal be found in the wild? What is its habitat like?

Chickens are domesticated descendants of the red junglefowl (Gallus gallus) native to Southeast Asia. In the wild, they inhabit a variety of habitats, including forests, grasslands, and scrublands, where they forage for seeds, insects, and small animals.

How many breeds of this animal are there?

More than 1600 breeds of chicken recognized worldwide

What is this animal's purpose?

Chickens serve multiple purposes in human society, primarily as a source of food through meat and egg production. They also contribute to pest control by foraging for insects and small animals, aiding in maintaining ecological balance.

Give a brief overview of the animal's history in the United States.

Chickens have a rich history in the United States, with their introduction dating back to 1492 when Christopher Columbus first brought them to the Americas. Since their arrival, chickens have gradually spread across the United States, becoming an essential part of the country's agricultural landscape and contributing significantly to food production and rural economies.

Benefits of Working with Chickens

Working with chickens teaches responsibility, compassion, and work ethic to 4-H members. Additionally, chickens are often kept as pets or for educational purposes, fostering companionship and understanding of animal behavior.

Become a 4-H Member

If you are interested in joining 4-H, visit, or fill out our Plymouth County 4-H interest form.

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